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Jujutsu Kaisen: What is Sukuna's Domain Expansion hand sign and its mythological meaning?
Jujutsu Kaisen: What is Sukuna's Domain Expansion hand sign and its mythological meaning?

Jujutsu Kaisen: What is Sukuna’s Domain Expansion hand sign and its mythological meaning?

Gege Akutami has always succeeded in leaving us spellbound with his creation. His craftsmanship in creating Jujutsu Kaisen proves he is a living legend. Putting so many details into creating it, taking inspiration from legends and myths, and using them in the plot without distorting the original story, is such a commendable task.

Each minute detail he has included in the story holds immense significance. These little details make the characters all the more phenomenal. 

The most remarkable thing Gege came up with is the technique of Domain expansion. A selected few jujutsu sorcerers possess the ability to do it. 

Who possesses the coolest, deadliest, and most robust domain expansion of all the characters in Jujutsu Kaisen? It’s none other than one of our favourite villains of all time – Ryomen Sukuna.

Sukuna’s Domain Expansion hand sign has always piqued the interest of the audience.

Finally, someone took the initiative to research the meaning of his cool hand signs. Let us see what the person has come up with in his research work. 

Ryomen Sukuna and His Malevolent Shrine: What Is the History Behind It?

Ryomen Sukuna, whose name is enough to send shivers down the bodies of his enemies, is a one-man army in the jujutsu verse. His presence is so intimidating that it causes dread and panic in his foes. 

The ones who muster up the courage to fight him get literally wiped out from the face of the earth, or he makes sure they are never able to put up a fight with anyone. Jogo had the audacity to challenge Sukuna and boom, he died because of his own fire technique. Sukuna used Jogo’s jujutsu technique on him to kill him. 

He indeed loves tormenting his enemies to the point where they beg to die or have used up all their techniques while fighting him. He takes his sweet time torturing his opponent. 

What he does is let them attack him at first. While getting attacked, he does not use any of his jujutsu on him. However, when the time comes for him to retaliate, his opponent does not even get a chance to work his mind on defending himself from his attacks. 

Sukuna’s attacks are ruthless and merciless. And once he activates his domain expansion, it is the end of his enemy. 

Is there any evidence of anyone coming out alive from Domain Expansion? NO. 

Even the strongest shikigami of the Zenin Clan, Mahoraga, could not escape Sukuna’s domain expansion. 

Sukuna has the strongest domain expansion in the Jujutsu Kaisen universe, and there is no second doubt about it. 

As the name suggests, Malevolent Shrine is a malicious place created by the heinous King of Curses. It is the abode of doom. To activate this technique, Sukuna makes a specific hand gesture. 

This hand sign has a mythological background that many are ignorant of. Once you get to know the history behind the hand sign, you will understand why this character is so evil and a harbinger of doom. 

Sukuna’s Domain Expansion Hand Sign: What Is the Mythological Meaning Behind It?

We know that Akutami has used a lot of Buddhist and Hindu references in Jujutsu Kaisen. It is not something new for mangakas to take inspiration from various religious cultures in their stories. 

For examples, Gege references the most powerful shikigami of the Ten Shadow Technique, – Eight-Handed Sword Divergent Sila divine general Mahoraga from Buddhism. The eight-handled wheel resembles the Dharmachkara of Hindu culture. Then, Geto’s clothing resembles the ceremonial robes of the Heian period Buddhist monks.  

When we are on the topic of cultural references, the hand signs used by the jujutsu sorcerers are similar to the mudras from Hindu culture. We often see them in classical dance forms. 

These mudras symbolise divine manifestation and are often used by pandits or monks in their rituals and meditations. Even in yoga, we use mudras to circulate energies in our bodies. 

Have you ever carefully seen the structure of the Malevolent Shrine?

It is the spitting image of a chinjusha, but in a distorted state. Instead of honouring deities, this shrine distorts its purpose by housing malevolent entities. It is surrounded by murky, deep blue water and has bull-like skulls on the ground. 

Jujutsu Kaisen: What is Sukuna's Domain Expansion hand sign and its mythological meaning?
Jujutsu Kaisen: What is Sukuna’s Domain Expansion hand sign and its mythological meaning?

The thorns on the top of the shrine and the red sky give it an eerie look. The four openings are made of giant, grotesque mouths with human-like teeth and tongues. Very devious and terrifying, right?

Now, to activate this domain expansion, Sukuna makes a hand sign. His hand sign corresponds to the Japanese God Emma Ten-In, the King of Hell, or Yamadev, the Hindu god of death and the King of Naraka (Hell). 

Can you form any connection between Sukuna and Yamadev here?

Let me help you with this.

According to Vedic scriptures, Yama was the first mortal who died and was the first one to catch sight of the path to heavenly realms. He is responsible for overseeing the journey of souls after death and determining their fates based on their deeds in life. 

Sukuna, the walking disaster, belonged to the Heian period, where a real person was turned into a mythical feature and given the title of the King of curses. He was malicious, even as a human. No wonder he turned so demonic after becoming a curse user. 

Throw any curse of any grade at him, and he will finish him within the blink of an eye. The narcissistic and arrogant attitude he has comes from the immense amount of power he has as a jujutsu sorcerer. 

Now, let’s come back to the actual point. 

The similarities between Sukuna and Yamadev are that they were both humans before being proclaimed deities. And they instil fear in everyone they encounter. No one dares to offend them because they are digging their own graves if they do so. 

Therefore, Akutami did an incredible job connecting Sukuna to Yamadev. The hand sign suits his demonic personality and is a symbolic way of portraying his true nature. Gege showed the power of his knowledge and skill in making his manga characters praiseworthy. 

He made sure he created the character of Sukuna in such a way that it goes down in the history of anime as the awe-inspiring ultimate villain of all time. 

The fact that Gege included parts of famous folklore and mythologies of different religions and blended them in such a refined way leaves us in wonder and respect. 

Final thoughts 

Jujutsu Kaisen is filled with unforgettable characters, each with compelling individuality. But the character who stole the hearts of weebs is none other than Ryomen Sukuna. The reason being his exciting characteristics. 

The daunting appeal is so overpowering that he can easily frighten the souls of his enemies. The aura he exhibits screams, “Know your place, you fool,” and “Let me show what real jujutsu is!”

The most appreciated reason for his popularity is that he is not the typical shonen kind of villain who befriends the main character. Can you even imagine Sukuna doing that with Yuji Itadori? Never. 

He makes Yuji’s life a living hell with the massacre he creates each time after a fight. The Shibuya incident is the most prominent example of this. 

Recently, after defeating Gojo Satoru and slicing him in two, Sukuna proved how notorious and powerful he is. He is arguably the best antagonist of all time. 


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